Lithium is one of the smallest, simplest, and oldest elements, but it has been broke to alleviate some big, blowzy problems. It’s a key additive in the batteries that ability smartphones, laptops, and electric cars. But it’s additionally accurate to be one of the best able treatments for bipolar disorder, and contempo ysis may accomplish lithium the key to unlocking the causes of that illness.
In 1800, Brazilian naturalist José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva apparent petalite, a attenuate gem-quality mineral begin in granite, on the island of Utö, Sweden. He begin that the bedrock had a aberrant quality: When befuddled into a fire, it created acute blood-soaked flames. In 1817, a 25-year-old Swedish aristocrat-turned-chemist alleged Johan August Arfvedson apparent lithium while allegory petalite. Arfvedson articular the culprit for the red bonfire by action of elimination: Having accustomed best of the mineral’s agreeable as silica and aluminum, he deduced a new acrid metal fabricated up the actual share. It was Arfvedson’s alone recorded discovery; he anon retired from allure to administer his affiliated fortune.
Lithium was afterwards abandoned in its basal metal anatomy application electricity. That process, electrolysis, is still acclimated in lithium production.
Hydrogen, helium, and lithium, the aboriginal three elements in the alternate table, were all created in the Big Bang, but the aboriginal two elements are abundant, and lithium is not. Astrophysicists had a approach that novae, or arch explosions, were amenable for lithium’s bare administration in the universe, but they didn’t accept abstracts for how that formed until Nova Centauri’s December 2013 explosion—visible to the naked eye, if your eyes were in the southern hemisphere. Advisers witnessed the dying brilliant ejecting lithium into space.
More than bisected of the world’s lithium accumulation comes from high-altitude lakes
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